What’s the Nord Stream 1 pipeline, and why is it essential to Europe?

Russia on Wednesday halted fuel provides to Europe through Nord Stream 1 for 3 days, citing upkeep points. The Russian state vitality firm Gazprom has stated that there might be no fuel provide to Germany till September 3.

“Through the three-day (August 31 to September 2, 2022) upkeep of the Trent 60 DLE fuel compressor unit, the fuel provide by the Nord Stream fuel pipeline might be suspended,” the corporate stated in a press release on August 19. Upkeep might be carried out by Gazprom collectively with Siemens.

In July, it was closed for ten days for annual upkeep. Upkeep was normally carried out quietly up to now. However with the pipeline changing into the bargaining chip between Russia and the West, the corporate’s bulletins have now been made public.

What’s Nord Stream 1?

Nord Stream 1 is the biggest pipeline transporting pure fuel between Russia and Europe through Germany. It runs from Vyborg in Russia to Greifswald in Germany. In 2021, Russia equipped about 40 p.c of the EU’s pure fuel by this pipeline.

It’s primarily owned by Gazprom. Nord Stream’s twin pipeline system can transport 55 billion cubic meters of fuel from Russia to Europe by the Baltic Sea.

In June, Moscow reduce provides through Nord Stream by as much as 40 p.c. This was additional diminished to twenty per cent in July.

With the pipeline, Russia has fully reduce off provides to Denmark, Bulgaria, Finland, the Netherlands and Poland, a Reuters report stated.

Flows by the Nord Stream play an essential function in filling the nationwide storage tanks of Germany and the European Union. It is very important present the required heating within the coming winter.

In accordance with Reuters, 83.26 p.c of Germany’s 85 p.c storage goal as of October 1 has already been stuffed. However the goal of 95 per cent by November 1 could also be tough.

For the EU, the required storage stage is nearing 80 per cent completion, with 79.94 per cent already full.

What’s the politics round Nord Stream 1?

In July Dmitry Peskov said that Moscow doesn’t intend to fully reduce off fuel provide by Nord Stream 1. However “if Europe continues its course of completely reckless imposition of sanctions and sanctions, the state of affairs could change.”

Russia is utilizing provides by the pipeline essential to navigating its economic system by Western sanctions imposed in response to its invasion of Ukraine in February.

Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky stated in July that Putin was making an attempt to wage an “open conflict” towards Europe by utilizing the pipeline.

Why is the pipeline essential to Germany?

Vitality costs in Germany, Europe’s largest economic system, are among the many lowest within the continent. This has been made doable because of the low-cost fuel provide by Nord Stream 1. This makes German manufactured items extra aggressive within the worldwide market. The Russian risk to chop off this fuel provide to Europe presents an financial risk to Germany.

To broaden its choices and double the provision from Russia, Germany determined to construct Nord Stream 2. But it surely was stopped after Russia’s assault on Ukraine in February.

In response, Dmitry Medvedev, the previous President of Russia and now Deputy Chairman of the Safety Council, tweeted, “Welcome to the courageous new world the place Europeans are going to pay 2,000 Euros per thousand cubic meters very quickly!”

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