Rounding out the inside of the palace of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque within the Central District of Abu Dhabi, are 9 multifunctional digital clocks within the form of flowers. Surrounded by an impressive setting of white marble and crystal chandeliers, LED screens may look misplaced in the event that they weren’t even encased in gold paddles, vines creeping alongside the partitions and mixing with floral gilded designs.
Every clock presents Muslim worshipers with the present time and date, in addition to 5 common every day prayer instances (a apply known as “salat” or prayer, which represents the second pillar of Islam). These instances fluctuate barely day by day relying on the geographical location and the altering place of the Solar. Fajr, earlier than dawn. Zuhr, afternoon. Impact, midday. Maghrib, sundown. Isha, night.
This was an uncommon challenge for UK-based LED Synergy, the corporate that designed and manufactured the clocks (which are actually seen by over 3 million worshipers and guests every year, in keeping with mosque figures). Along with manufacturing the ornate clock, the group developed a salat-based materials system able to producing correct prayer instances for over 1,200 cities in 216 nations, hoping to construct on its success in Abu Dhabi and this Will win further profitable authorities contracts within the area.
In Muslim societies of the Center East, these 5 prayer instances set the rhythm of every day life. Calls of prayer (or “Adan”) are broadcast by mosques all through cities and cities, amplified by the crackling sound of loudspeakers. Throughout a two-week journey to Abu Dhabi in 2013, calling the Fajr from a mosque throughout the road each morning, simply earlier than dawn, would make me sleepy. The voice broadcast (carried out by “the muezzin”) was deep and lyrical, echoing it intermittently in Eden. “I assume this may sound bizarre, however I’m continually conscious of the solar,” my buddy Zeshon Ali, a practising Muslim and filmmaker primarily based in New York, instructed me. “Time is all the time on my thoughts. I have been instructed to consider it 5 instances a day.”
The expertise of shutting down (usually financial) exercise to take part within the non secular expertise of an city neighborhood is, to an outsider, a type of chronicle, a apply that defies trendy logic and timetables. But when the routine initially appeared cumbersome, it did not take lengthy for it to look needed. To change into extra conscious of oneself, a number of instances all through the day, from sunshine to sundown, had the aspect impact of dwelling the day richer and extra absolutely.
However for Muslims like Zeshon, who reside in non-Muslim communities, there is no such thing as a public name for prayer, and it turns into as much as the person to be disciplined about salat. Conventional prayer “assistants”, comparable to printed books or pamphlets, function lengthy prayer instances and a set set of Qur’anic passages. In latest a long time, the Web has fostered new forms of digital “aids” that help Muslims in all elements of their every day worship.
Web sites launched within the early Nineteen Nineties, comparable to Islamic Finder and IslamicCity, not solely present a big database of prayer instances (together with SMS-based prayer time notification companies), but additionally about Islam, e-learning quizzes In addition they provide a complete on-line hub of historic and academic materials. and flashcards, opinion articles and dialogue boards. Newer cell purposes comparable to Athan and Muslim Professional embrace geo-based options comparable to a digital “compass” that expresses path and distance from the Kaaba (in Mecca), and “finders” that present entry to close by mosques, halal eating places, Islamic Discover schooling facilities and companies, and extra.
Athan, developed by VentureDive (a product consulting agency) along with IslamicFinder, can also be experimenting with non-traditional options to combine into the app. Its in style “Prayer E book” extension permits customers to log each accomplished and missed prayers all through the day (to allow them to be created later). “I feel there is a chance to introduce a component of simplification,” Saad Fazil, co-founder of Venturedive, instructed me. “For instance, a sure variety of prayers can earn a badge, and customers can examine these scores to a traditional leaderboard.”
For apps like Athan, Fazil says, the introduction of the Apple Watch could possibly be big. “The Athan app is a perfect use case for wearables, particularly sensible wristwatches,” Fazil mentioned, predicting that this transition will occur over the following two to 5 years.
Fazil additionally mentioned that as new units and platforms transfer into mainstream use, the promise of older options might change into extra complicated. His group is investigating how you can adapt Athan’s prayer-time algorithm to accommodate uncommon conditions, comparable to aircraft journey (which regularly spans a number of time zones) and distant areas the place The times are both too quick or too lengthy.
In what would be the most formidable cell initiative up to now, Ahli goals to make it extra handy to wish in teams, notifying customers when fellow Muslims are round. Mass prayer is taken into account to be of particular significance in Islam.
In response to Fazil, the marketplace for these apps remains to be untimely, however Athan’s consumer base already spans Muslims of their early 20s to late 50s. If the mindset of the older technology was that Muslims ought to flip their day round Salat, new interpretations are permitting for some extent of flexibility, and digital prayer aids individuals to raised match the faith into their trendy existence. serving to in. Like-minded apps presently in the marketplace embrace Christianity (PrayerMate), Judaism (Shabbat by GPS and is it kosher?), Hinduism (Ipuja), Buddhism (every day Buddhist prayer) and the non-denominational Peter Thiel-backed Instapray, which not too long ago shared “30 million prayers.”
This market is transferring in direction of a extra digitally inclusive model of spiritual practices at a time when non secular leaders are additionally considering of recent methods to include applied sciences. The imaginative and prescient behind the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, which was constructed solely a decade in the past, was truly to reveal that “custom and modernity can coexist, even with out canceling one another”. … [that] Certainly, every gives a supply of prosperity for the opposite,” in keeping with the textual content of a speech by Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, posted on the mosque’s web site. This journey of coexistence Strikes slowly: The older and youthful generations really feel transferring ahead, striving to seek out the correct stability.
“There’s all the time a worry of constructing issues too simple for individuals,” my buddy Zeshon instructed me, explaining what number of mosques have began livestreaming Friday mass prayers in order that individuals who cannot stroll away from the workplace They’ll stroll collectively at their desk.
“Some prayer apps now ship motivational jokes that may be cute or humorous, which is nice, however they’ll additionally simply change into inappropriate,” he mentioned. “The opposite day I noticed somebody praying whereas he himself was praying, and it actually felt incorrect.”